KNOWLES/GARDNER Chart 0400

This is a Chart for William Walter Knowles, Ann Elizabeth Terry, Edward Gardner and Julia Larkin

  (1)married(1)
21st December 1878
St Luke
Ramsgate, Kent
witnesses
John William Linneton
KNOWLES
Fanny TERRY
  (2)married(2)
11th June 1894
Minster, Kent
witnesses
James and Jessie
FOSTER
  (1)married(1)
December
quarter
1880
Thanet
district
Kent
 
1
WILLIAM WALTER KNOWLES
born  
June quarter 
1853
Islington District, Middlesex
occupation  
1871 Merchants Clerk
1878 Mariner
died before  
1894
  2
ANN ELIZABETH TERRY
born  
December quarter 
1853
Ramsgate, Kent
baptised  
23rd April 1854
St George, Ramsgate, Kent
occupation
1861 Scholar
1871 Scullery Maid
 1881 General Domestic Servant
1891 Laundry Matron in Home
 1911 Sick Nurse
possibly died
June quarter
1924 
Thanet district
 Kent 
Age 70 
( as GARDNER)
  3
EDWARD GARDNER
born  
June quarter 1851
Acol, Kent
occupation
1881, 1891, 1894 Malster
1901 Malster, Brewery
1908 Malster
1911 Malsters Labourer in Brewery
died
December quarter
1917
Thanet district, Kent
Aged 67
4
JULIA LARKIN

born about
March quarter
1855
Preston, Kent
died
December quarter
1892
Thanet district
Kent
Age 37 years

5
Charles William L
KNOWLES

born  
December quarter
1879
Ramsgate
Kent
died
WWI
15th October 1916
France
Age 37

married
or
~
Rosanna 
(Rose)
SMART

6
Edward Tom
GARDNER
born about
June quarter
1881
(1 month old on the 1881 Census)
Birchington-on-Sea
Kent
occupation
1891 Scholar
possibly died
June quarter
1931
Croydon district
Surrey
Aged 50
7
Winifred Ellen
GARDNER
born about
6th September 1884
(December quarter 1884)
Birchington-on-Sea
Kent
died about
September quarter 1973
Merton district
London
Aged 89

married
27th September 1908
Saint John The Evangelist
Kensal Green
Middlesex
(
September quarter 1908
Paddington district, London)
witnesses
Percy ORAM
Lucy ORAM
Ernest DAIRE
Albert Edward
McLELLAN
  1. 1861 Census - South End, Southwold, Suffolk
    1871 Census - 19 Gale Street, West, St Giles in the Fields, St Giles South, London. Down as a Friend at this address.
    1878 St Lawrence, Ramsgate, Kent
    1881 Census - Not found
    1891 Census - Not found
    Father - John William Linneton KNOWLES (bc1828-) 1878 Servant; 1882 Mariner 
  2. 1861 28 Queen Street, Ramsgate, Kent
    1871 Bull & George, 14 High Street, Ramsgate, Kent. Ann was a Scullery Maid for a William HUDSON, aged 69 a Hotel Keeper born Wingham, Kent. There were eight other servants and four visitors at the premises on the night of the Census.
    1878 Margate Road, St Lawrence, Ramsgate, Kent
    1881 3 West Cliff Terrace, Ramsgate, Kent as Ann KNOWLES, married. Servant to Mary ASTLE (72) single Annuitant born Marylebone, Middlesex and her sister Ann (70) single Annuitant born Chelsea, Middlesex, Another servant was Elizabeth KIMMINS (16) General Domestic Servant born Ramsgate, Kent
    1891 St Barnabas Convalescent Home, Cliff Street, Ramsgate, Kent. Elizabeth A KNOWLES was married, a "Laundry Matron in Home". After the Head of House were listed Visitors, Servants, Patients, Assistants
    1901 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent as Elizabeth Ann
    1911 Not at home with husband, Goshen, St Lukes, Ramsgate, Kent as Ann Sick Nurse in home of Elizabeth Clouns(?) HOSKINGS (72) Single Nurse Head (Private Nursing) born Middlesex. Mary WEBB (51) married born Ramsgate, Kent was a 2nd Sick Nurse
    In 1894 her father was shown as John MAINERS, Labourer, in the Parish Register, but we have assumed this was an error.
    1922 Ramsgate, Kent ((Forces War Records for medals of son Charles)
  3. 1881 Station Road, Birchington, Kent. There was a Boarder an Edward SHEARSBY, aged 29 a Malster born Chislett, Kent
    1891 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent with wife Julia LARKIN. Lodging with them was Daniel MANTLE (78) Mariner born Sandwich, Kent, his wife Frances
    (66) born Sandwich, Kent and Mary a NOBBS (59) widow born Deal, Kent
    1894 Ramsgate, Kent (marriage to Elizabeth Ann
    1901 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent with wife Elizabeth TERRY
    1911 12, Paradise, High Street, Ramsgate, Kent. Married but no wife present
    Father - Edward GARDINER (1826-) Farmer 
  4. 1881 Station Road, Birchington, Kent. There was a Boarder an Edward SHEARSBY, aged 29 a Malster born Chislett, Kent
    1891 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent. Lodging with them was Daniel MANTLE (78) Mariner born Sandwich, Kent, his wife Frances
    (66) born Sandwich, Kent and Mary a NOBBS (59) widow born Deal, Kent
  5. From Census returns it appears that Charles (K)NOWLES lived with his Aunt, Theodosia Leah GRAINGER at the following addresses
    1881 7 Sanitary Cotttages, Ramsgate, Kent - aged 15 months
    1891 8 Ratcliff Square, Ramsgate, Kent - aged 11 years
    1901 3 Denmark Road, St Lawrence, Ramsgate, Kent
    1911 Not found
    Information from Forces War Records sent by John TERRY 1/11/2014
    First Name: Charles William 
    Initials: C W 
    Surname: KNOWLES
    DOB: Circa 1879 
    Age: 37 
    Nationality: British 
    Date of Death: 15/10/1916 
    Information: Parent: Mrs. E. A. Gardner, of Ramsgate. 
    Rank: Private 
    Service Number: G/4193
    Campaign Medals: 
    Victory Medal
    Given the information we have available it is likely that Charles William KNOWLES was entitled to the Victory medal, also called the Inter Allied Victory Medal. This medal was awarded to all who received the 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star and, with certain exceptions, to those who received the British War Medal. It was never awarded alone. These three medals were sometimes irreverently referred to as Pip, Squeak and Wilfred.
    Eligibility for this award consisted of having been mobilised, fighting, having served in any of the theatres of operations, or at sea, between midnight 4th/5th August, 1914, and midnight, 11th/12th November, 1918. Women who served in any of the various military organisations in a theatre of operations were also eligible. 
    British War Meda
    From the information available to us, it is very possible that Charles William KNOWLES was entitled to the British War Medal for service in World War One. This British Empire campaign medal was issued for services between 5th August 1914 and 11th November 1918.
    The medal was automatically awarded in the event of death on active service before the completion of this period. 
    Service: British Army 
    Regiment: royal sussex regiment 
    Royal Sussex Regiment during World War 1
    Since 1815 the balance of power in Europe had been maintained by a series of treaties. In 1888 Wilhelm II was crowned ‘German Emperor and King of Prussia’ and moved from a policy of maintaining the status quo to a more aggressive position. He did not renew a treaty with Russia, aligned Germany with the declining Austro-Hungarian Empire and started to build a Navy rivalling that of Britain. These actions greatly concerned Germany’s neighbours, who quickly forged new treaties and alliances in the event of war. On 28th June 1914 Franz Ferdinand the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated by the Bosnian-Serb nationalist group Young Bosnia who wanted pan-Serbian independence. Franz Joseph's the Austro-Hungarian Emperor (with the backing of Germany) responded aggressively, presenting Serbia with an intentionally unacceptable ultimatum, to provoke Serbia into war. Serbia agreed to 8 of the 10 terms and on the 28th July 1914 the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia, producing a cascade effect across Europe. Russia bound by treaty to Serbia declared war with Austro-Hungary, Germany declared war with Russia and France declared war with Germany. Germany’s army crossed into neutral Belgium in order to reach Paris, forcing Britain to declare war with Germany (due to the Treaty of London (1839) whereby Britain agreed to defend Belgium in the event of invasion). By the 4th August 1914 Britain and much of Europe were pulled into a war which would last 1,566 days, cost 8,528,831 lives and 28,938,073 casualties or missing on both sides.
    The regiment raised a total of 23 battalions and was awarded 69 battle honours and 4 Victoria Crosses, losing 7,096 men during the course of the war. St. Georges Chapel in Chichester Cathedral was restored after the war and serves as a memorial to all members of the Regiment who fell during the war. 
    2nd Battalion
    04.08.1914 Stationed at Working as part of the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Division.
    Aug 1914 Mobilised for war and landed in France and engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
    During 1914
    The Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat, The Battle of the Marne, The Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of Ypres. 
    During 1915
    Winter Operations 1914-15, The Battle of Aubers, The Battle of Loos.
    During 1916
    The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bazentin, The Battle of Pozieres, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval. 
    During 1917
    The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Second Battle of Passchendaele. 
    During 1918
    The Battle of Estaires, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The Battle of Bethune, The Battle of Drocourt-Queant, The Battle of Epehy, The Battle of the St Quentin Canal, The Battle of Beaurevoir, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of the Sambre. 
    11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, S.W. of Bohain.
    Information about other Battalions can be found on the Forces War Records web site
    Battalion: 2nd Battalion 
    Commemorated: Britain 
    Collection: The IWGC/CWGC Registers Collection
  6. 1881 Station Road, Birchington, Kent. There was a Boarder an Edward SHEARSBY, aged 29 a Malster born Chislett, Kent
    1891 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent as Edward T. Lodging with them was Daniel MANTLE (78) Mariner born Sandwich, Kent, his wife Frances
    (66) born Sandwich, Kent and Mary a NOBBS (59) widow born Deal, Kent
    1901 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent as Edward Tom
    Medical Information: Shown on 1901 census as "Feeble minded from birth"
    1911 12, Paradise, High Street, Ramsgate, Kent
  7. 1891 12 Paradise, Ramsgate, Kent. Lodging with them was Daniel MANTLE (78) Mariner born Sandwich, Kent, his wife Frances
    (66) born Sandwich, Kent and Mary a NOBBS (59) widow born Deal, Kent
    1901 Lyle House, Crescent Road, Ramsgate, Kent. With an Augusta Leitch a widow living on her means, aged 67 born Ramsgate, Kent and her daughter, Julia M L LEITCH, aged 38 , born Hull, Yorkshire.
    1908 At Marriage - 121 Sixth Avenue, Paddington, London
    1911 Census - 46 Shorrolds Road Fulham, London. They had a daughter Winifred Violet born 1910.

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